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新概念英語第三冊lesson 1-A Puma at large

時間:2005-04-24 16:00來源:互聯網 提供網友:yaopf   字體: [ ]
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    (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

          A Puma1 at large
           逃遁的美洲獅

Listen to the tape then answer the question below.
聽錄音,然后回答以下問題。
Where must the puma have come from?

    Pumas2 are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted3 forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously. However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily4 similar.
    The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered. The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening. Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes. Several people complained of "cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts were now fully5 convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape. The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.

New words and expressions 生詞和短語
 
     puma
n.   美洲獅

     spot
v.   看出,發現

     evidence
n.   證據

     accumulate
v.   積累,積聚

     oblige
v.   使……感到必須

     hunt
n.   追獵;尋找

     blackberry
n.   黑莓

     human being
     人類

     corner
v.   使走投無路,使陷入困境

     trail
n.   一串,一系列

     print
n.   印痕

     cling
v.   粘

     convince
v.   使……信服

     somehow
adv. 不知怎么搞地,不知什么原因

     disturb
v.   令人不安

參考譯文

    美洲獅是一種體形似貓的大動物,產于美洲。當倫敦動物園接到報告說,在倫敦以南45英里處發現一只美洲獅時,這些報告并沒有受到重視。可是,隨著證據越來越多,動物園的專家們感到有必要進行一番調查,因為凡是聲稱見到過美洲獅的人們所描述的情況竟是出奇地相似。
    搜尋美洲獅的工作是從一座小村莊開始的。那里的一位婦女在采摘黑莓時的看見“一只大貓”,離她僅5碼遠,她剛看見它,它就立刻逃走了。專家證實,美洲獅非被逼得走投無路,是決不會傷人的。事實上搜尋工作很困難,因為常常是早晨在甲地發現那只美洲獅,晚上卻在20英里外的乙地發現它的蹤跡。無論它走哪兒,一路上總會留下一串死鹿及死兔子之類的小動物,在許多地方看見爪印,灌木叢中發現了粘在上面的美洲獅毛。有人抱怨說夜里聽見“像貓一樣的叫聲”;一位商人去釣魚,看見那只美洲獅在樹上。專家們如今已經完全肯定那只動物就是美洲獅,但它是從哪兒來的呢?由于全國動物園沒有一家報告丟了美洲獅,因此那只美洲獅一定是某位私人收藏豢養的,不知怎么設法逃出來了。搜尋工作進行了好幾個星期,但始終未能逮住那只美洲獅。想到在寧靜的鄉村里有一頭危險的野獸繼續逍遙流竄,真令人擔心。
 

新概念英語正版圖書購買

 

  自學導讀
puma(title)/'pju:m+/n. 美洲獅
corner(1. 9)/'k&:n+/v. 使走投無路,使陷入困境
spot(1. 2)/sp&t/v. 看出,發現
trail(1. 11)/'treil/n. 一串,一系列
evidence(1. 4)/'evid+ns/n.證據
print(1. 12)/print/n. 印痕
accumulate(1. 4)/e'kju:mjuleit/v. 積累,積聚
cling(1. 12)/kliR/(clung/kl)R/, clung)v. 粘
oblige(1. 5)/+'blaid{/v. 使……感到必須
convince(1. 14)/k+n'vins/v. 使……信服
hunt(1. 7)/h)nt/n. 追獵;尋找
somehow(1. 16)/'s)mha(/adv. 不知怎么搞地,不
blackberry(1. 8)/'bl$kb+ri/n. 黑莓   知什么原因
human being(1. 9)/?hju:m+n-'bi:iR/人類
disturb(1. 17)/di'st*:b/v. 令人不安
Notes on the text


  課文注釋
1  at large是介詞短語,此處表示“逍遙自在”、“行動自由”的意思。
2  When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, 當倫敦動物園接到報告說,在倫敦以南45英里的地方發現一頭野生美洲獅時。這個從句中以that引導的從句是reports的同位語,用于進一步說明報告的內容。
3  feel obliged to do sth. 是“感到不得不做某事”的意思。
4  it left behind it a trail of, 它身后留下一串……。
a trail of作left的賓語,behind it是狀語,提到賓語之前是為了使句子結構更緊湊。
5  puma fur was found clinging to bushes中,clinging是現在分詞,此處作主語puma fur的主語補足語。下文中As no pumas had been reported missing…一句中,missing也是現在分詞作主語補足語。
6  in the possession of, 為……所有。


  Summary writing 摘要寫作
In not more than 80 words describe how experts came to the conclusion that the animal seen by many people really was a puma. Do not include anything that is not in the passage.
Answer these questions in note form to get your points:
1  What sort of reports were received by London Zoo?
2  Were the reports similar in nature or not?
3  Who saw it first?
4  Did it stay in one place,or did it move from place to place?
5  What did it leave behind it?
6  Were paw prints and puma fur found as well or not?
7  What was heard at night?
8  Was the animal seen up a tree or not?
9  Were experts now sure that the animal really was a puma or not?



  Exercises練習
A  Complete these sentences by adding a suitable word to the end of each one:
1  What are you looking ______ ?
2  Where is your mother going ______ ?
3  Whom has the letter been sent ______ ?
4  This is the house I was born ______ .
5  What does your decision depend ______ ?
B  Write these sentences again changing the position of the words in italics. Where possible, omit the words whom or which.
1  He is the man about whom we have heard so much.
2  The shelf on which you put those books has collapsed6.
3  From whom did you receive a letter?
4  This is the road by which we came.
5  Where is the pencil with which you were playing?
Multiple choice questions 多項選擇題
Choose the correct answers to the following questions.
Comprehension 理解
1  Experts eventually decided7 to investigate ______ .
a.because they did not believe that pumas existed in England
b.because they wanted a puma for the London Zoo
c.when a woman saw a puma in a small village
d.because people's descriptions of the puma had a lot in common
2  What particular piece of evidence persuaded the experts that a puma had been seen in the village?
a.The puma had not attacked the woman.
b.The woman had described the animal she had seen as‘a large cat’.
c.A puma had come very close to a human being.
d.The puma had behaved like a cat.
3  What was the problem the experts were unable to solve?
a.How the puma had managed to cover such great distances within a day.
b.How the puma had escaped from a zoo.
c.Whom the puma had belonged to.
d.How the numa had climbed a tree.
Structure結構
4  The accumulating evidence made the experts ______ the animal was a puma. (lines 4-6)
a.to think
b.thinking
c.think
d.thought
5  People said ______ the puma. (lines 5-6)
a.to have seen
b.to see
c.they saw
d.they had seen
6 ______ , it immediately ran away. (lines 8-9)
a.Observing her
b.On being observed
c.Having been observed
d.On her being observed
7  Pumas never attack a human being except ______ cornered. (line 9)
a.they are
b.being
c.that they are
d.when they are
8  The experts were now fully convinced that the animal ______ a puma. (lines 13-14)
a.must be
b.should have been
c.can only be
d.could only have beenVocabulary詞匯
9  The woman saw‘a large cat’ ______ five yards away from her. (lines 7-8)
a.at least
b.four or
c.no more than
d.within
10  A puma will not attack a human being unless it feels itself to be ______ . (line 9)
a.in a corner
b.in a trap
c.at an angle
d.under cover
11  A business man on a fishing trip is probably someone who ______ . (line 13)
a.sells fish
b.fishes for pleasure
c.nets fish
d.earns his living as a fisherman
12  A private collector is a man who collects ______ . (lines 15-16)
a.for his own benefit
b.on his own
c.in private
d.unknown to the public


  【New words and expressions】 生詞和短語
學習詞匯時僅知道漢語語義是不夠的,要把單詞放在語句中體會其應用
學習關鍵句結構是則要把它放在段落結構或文章里
★puma
n.   美洲獅
★spot
v.   看出,發現
pick out,see,recognise,catch,sight of
spot=see : 強調結果、辨別出、看見、識別、發現
find : 強調發現的結果
find out:查出事實真相
discover:做出重大發現
notice:注意到
observe:觀察
watch:觀察活動中的人或畫面
A tall man is easy jto spot in the crowd.
He has good eye for spotting mistakes.
n. 斑點
There is a white spot on the shirt.
on the spot
1.立刻,馬上(at once ,immediately)
Anyone breaking the rules will be asked to leave on the spot.
2.at the place of the action 在現場
Wherever she is needed,she is quickly on the spot.
★evidence
n.   證據
不可數名詞
When the police arrived,he had already destroied the evidence.
evidence=proof
in evidence: 顯而易見的
He was in evidence at the party.
evidently ,evidently
★accumulate
v.   積累,積聚
強調積累的過程
As the evidence accumulates,experts from the zoo felt obliged to investigate.
gather vt. 聚集,把某人召集在某處
collect 搜集,采集
assemble 集合,集會,vt.裝配
hoard8  vt. 大量的儲存
hoard up=store up
amass9 積聚(主要用于詩歌和文學作品)
The squirrel hoards10 up nuts for the cold winter
★oblige
v.   使……感到必須
feel obliged to do sth 感覺有必要做某事
be obliged to do sth. 被迫做某事
★hunt
n.   追獵;尋找
run after 強調追趕、追求
seek/pursue 追尋
chase 追趕
hunt for
search 搜尋某處為了尋找到某人或某物
★blackberry
n.   黑莓
★human being
人類
★corner
v.   使走投無路,使陷入困境
n.角落
at the corner of the street
in the corner of the room
on the corner of the desk
經常使用被動語態
The thief was cornered at last
The problem cornered me.
★trail
n.   一串,一系列
(vt.)trail:follow
The police trailed the criminal to the place where he was hiding
★print
n.   印痕
★cling
v.   粘
clung
She is always clinging to her mother.
He clung to the hope that he would succeed.
stick 粘住; stick to 堅持; sticky 粘的
★convince
v.   使……信服
convince sb.of sth.
和賓語從句that搭配使用
沒有賓語的情況下要采用主系表結構:be convinced
★somehow
adv. 不知怎么搞地,不知什么原因
by some means,in some way ,for some reason unknown
somewhat : a little
★disturb
v.   令人不安
disturbing: 令人不安的
disturbed: 感到不安的
exciting:令人激動的
excited:感到激動的


課文講解】
at large:逃遁的,沒有被控制的
詳細地(in detail)
總體來講(as a whole)
在英文的表達方式中,首先呈現給讀者的是結果
寫議論文的時候要注意把握觀點
Pandas are large cat-like animals which are found in Asia.
life-like: 栩栩如生的
一般來講定語從句和同位語從句緊隨在被修繕名詞后面,但為了保持句子平衡,也可以把謂語動詞放到從句之前
定語從句只是對于被修繕詞的補充說明、修繕;
同位語從句則是講述被修飾名詞的內容
定語從句的引導詞:
指人:主語who; 賓語who/whom; 定語 whose
表達事物:that(也可以指人)/which
時間狀語:when; 地點狀語:where; 原因狀語:why
同位語從句:名詞做主語、賓語等,關系詞用that而不是which
時間-when; 地點-where
An idea came to her that she might do the experiment in another way.
I have no idea what has happened to him。
定語從句中沒有what這個關系詞,但它可以引導同位語從句
take sth.seriously :deal with sth.seriously
take sth.lightly
as: 隨著
過去分詞做定語
聲稱曾經做過某事:claim to have done sth.
I still remember the school where I studied English.
confirm: be sure,be certain
search=hunt
把某物留在后面:leave behind
英文的表達方式重點在于突出客觀事實,而中文則善于運用動作的執行者
complain of /about 抱怨
on + 名詞:強調動作正在進行
on the rise :在上升
on the increase: 在增加
on the watch: 在觀看
on the match: 在比賽中
on the fishing trip: 在釣魚的途中
on holiday: 在度假
fully: completely,entirely
in the possession of sb.=in sb.'s possession 歸某人所有
in possession of sth. 擁有某物
take possession of 擁有
The beautiful car is in my possession/in the possession of me
I am in possession of the beautiful car
The person in possession of the big house is excited.
It is disturbing to think that...
熟讀并背誦第一自然段
at large
take something seriously
cling to
leave behind
complain of
in the possession of/in possession of
feel obliged to investigate
a woman picking blackberries
a businessman on fishing trip
go on for several weeks
in the quiet countryside


Special Difficulties】
Exerises A
1. at/for
2. to
3. to
4. in
5. on


Exercises B
1. He is the man we have heard about so much.
2. The shelf you put those books on has collapsed
3.Whom did you receive a letter from?
Whom 不能省略
定語從句中Which以及指代人的做賓語的Whom,在非正式用法當中可以省略
省略時,介詞不能前置到關系代詞Whom,Which前,只能用于非固定的動詞短語后面
look at :注視
look for: 尋找,介詞不能前置
live in : 居住,介詞可以前置
This is the old house in which he lived.
This is the old house he lived in.
4.This is the road we came by?
5.Where is the pencil you were playing with?


Supplementary Written Exercises】
要求陳述原因
1.Experts from the zoo felt obliged...
正確答案:D
in common-simliar
2.(A)只是一個具體的特定的事列,閱讀理解題的時候要把握中心大意
(B) large cat
3. (C) 答案正確
做理解題時要緊扣主題、緊扣中心大意
文章最后一句話總結了大意
句型結構題和詞匯題是關鍵
4. C選項正確   think
make-make somebody do,be made to do
在主動語態中不定式to的符號應該省略
被動語態中不定式to的符號必須補充完整
5.把say改成claim-People claimed to have seen the puma.
D正確-清楚的道明了動作發生的先后關系
6.與原句中的when意思要一致  when引導的時間狀語從句表示-...就
結構形式和as soon as相一致的——B答案正確
主動-On observing her,it immediately ran away.
7.unless--if...not/except on the condition that
when=if
except可以和名詞/名詞性從句進行搭配,也可是when/if引導的從句形式
D正確
8.must be只是對客觀現實的推測,時態不一致
D正確
情態動詞表達推測的語意概念時,對于過去事實推測一定要用情態動詞have以及過去分詞形式進行搭配
9.on more than-only   within=not more than
10.in a corner 表示處于困境、尷尬的境地
B正確 in a trap 表示落于陷阱中
at an angle 表示彎曲的、不直的
11.B正確  fishes for pleasure
12.A正確 on his own=alone


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 puma Tk1zhP     
美洲豹
參考例句:
  • The police and the volunteers combed the forest for the lost puma from the zoo.警察和志愿者們在森林里到處尋找動物園迷失的美洲獅。
  • A businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree.一位商人去釣魚,看見那只美洲獅在樹上。
2 pumas 425f841e60479dadfc56975014b5fe35     
n.美洲獅( puma的名詞復數 );彪馬;于1948年成立于德國荷索金勞勒(Herzogenaurach)的國際運動品牌;創始人:魯道夫及達斯勒。
參考例句:
  • Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. 美洲獅是一種體形似貓的大動物,產于美洲。 來自新概念英語第三冊
  • But forget that for the pumas and lynx at the Queens Zoo. 而皇后動物園的美洲獅和猞猁卻完全不吃這一套。 來自互聯網
3 spotted 7FEyj     
adj.有斑點的,斑紋的,弄污了的
參考例句:
  • The milkman selected the spotted cows,from among a herd of two hundred.牛奶商從一群200頭牛中選出有斑點的牛。
  • Sam's shop stocks short spotted socks.山姆的商店屯積了有斑點的短襪。
4 extraordinarily Vlwxw     
adv.格外地;極端地
參考例句:
  • She is an extraordinarily beautiful girl.她是個美麗非凡的姑娘。
  • The sea was extraordinarily calm that morning.那天清晨,大海出奇地寧靜。
5 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,徹底地;充分地
參考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.醫生讓我先吸氣,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他們很快就完全融入了當地人的圈子。
6 collapsed cwWzSG     
adj.倒塌的
參考例句:
  • Jack collapsed in agony on the floor. 杰克十分痛苦地癱倒在地板上。
  • The roof collapsed under the weight of snow. 房頂在雪的重壓下突然坍塌下來。
7 decided lvqzZd     
adj.決定了的,堅決的;明顯的,明確的
參考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.這使他們比對手具有明顯的優勢。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英國人和中國人打招呼的方式有很明顯的區別。
8 hoard Adiz0     
n./v.窖藏,貯存,囤積
參考例句:
  • They have a hoard of food in the basement.地下室里有他們貯藏的食物。
  • How many curios do you hoard in your study?你在你書房里聚藏了多少古玩?
9 amass tL5ya     
vt.積累,積聚
參考例句:
  • How had he amassed his fortune?他是如何積累財富的呢?
  • The capitalists amass great wealth by exploiting workers.資本家剝削工人而積累了巨額財富。
10 hoards 0d9c33ecc74ae823deffd01d7aecff3a     
n.(錢財、食物或其他珍貴物品的)儲藏,積存( hoard的名詞復數 )v.積蓄并儲藏(某物)( hoard的第三人稱單數 )
參考例句:
  • She hoards her money - she never spends it. 她積蓄錢,但從來不花錢。 來自辭典例句
  • A squirrel hoards nuts for the winter. 松鼠為過冬貯藏堅果。 來自辭典例句
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TAG標簽:   新概念英語  第三冊  第三冊
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